Menschenrechte: Die Situation in AFGHANISTAN Kommentierte Übersetzung aus dem Englischen von einigen
wesentlichen Passagen des EMAILS von AWRA vom 6. Feb. 2016 Die Organisation AWRA- Afghanistan Women Right Association - mit Sitz in der Schweiz -
hat mir auf Anfrage geschrieben (die Angaben sind zuverlässig, weil mir ein Bekannter –
der in einer hohen Position in der UN ist, das bestätigt): Afghanistan, wo die Bundeswehr "unsere Freiheit verteidigen" muß: eine hoffnungslose Situation dort.
30% des Landes sind unter Kontrolle der Taliban, dazu kommt ein zunehmender Einfluß der IS (Islamic State).
(Anmerkung von mir: Das sind alles Gruppen, die von den USA aus indirekt subventioniert werden.) Es gibt keine Sicherheit für die Bevölkerung. besonders seitdem die internationelen Sicherheitstruppen abgezogen sind.
Kunduz, wo die Deutschen waren, ist in den Händen der Taliban. Kaum vergeht ein Tag ohne Explosionen, Selbstmordattacken oder gezielten Morden. Über 10.000 Zivilisten kommen
jährlich durch Terror zu Tode. Dabei auch natürlich Frauen und Kinder. Oft sind Schulen das Ziel von Attacken,
Studenten werden ermordet und Lehrer vergiftet. Überall werden die Menschenrechte mit Füssen getreten, Leute verschleppt, hingerichtet, aufgehängt, gefoltert und
erschossen. Korruption ist überall. Afghanistan ist dsbzgl. an 3. Stelle weltweit. 40% der bevölkerung lebt unter der
Armutsgrenze. Die Rechte der Frauen sind eine Farce: Häusliche Gewalt, Steinigungen, Auspeitschungen, versklavung,
Diskriminierung in der Arbeit sind normal. Frauen sind Objekte der Männer, für alles. Frauen sind Bürger zweiter
Klasse oder auch Küchenwerkzeuge. Eigentum der Männer. Sie können nicht über ihr Leben bestimmen. Werden
zwangsverheiratet, gekillt oder mit Säure verätzt, wie es ihren Männern gefällt. Da kann man verstehen, daß die Leute aus so einem Land fliehen. Und wir Deutsche investieren Milliarden in
dieses Land zur Verteidigung gegen einen Feind, über den HIllary Clinton sagte: The people we are fighting today,
we funded twenty years ago.
Die Sache ist nur die, daß die Förderung der Feinde anhält, ja Prinzip einer Strategie ist, die auf eine weltweite
AWRA - Afghanistan's Woman Right Association ------------ Email ------------- Date: 06. Feb. 2016
Dear Dr Hans-Ulrich
Thanks for your clarifications and also for your support to refugees.
Just a quick overview, the overall situation in Afghanistan is bleak. Afghanistan is in a state of conflict. The country is faced with numerous challenges and risks. At least 30 per cent of the country is under the control of Taliban. There are also signs of emergence of IS (Islamic State) in some parts of the country. This is an addition to the existence of other insurgent and Al-Qaeeda affiliated groups. State security forces are incapable to overcome security challenges, which has resulted in an increase in insecurity. The situation has worsened further, following the withdrawal of international security forces last year. Taliban were able to mount operations and come with forces on major cities, like Kunduz, which fell into their hand last year. This was a major blow to the current Government and also to the international community, who has invested a lot in Afghanistan since 2001.
There is hardly any day without explosions, suicide attacks or targeted killings. Even the capital, which was relatively safe, has currently been the scene of major explosions. Insecurity and ongoing fighting is also taking heavy toll on civilians. Over 10,000 civilian casualties are recorded each year in the country. These include women and children. Schools are often attacked, students poisoned and teachers threatened and killed. The state of human rights have even worsened, with people being executed, tortured, arbitrarily detained and prosecuted.
Corruption is rampant. Afghanistan was ranked the 3rd most corrupt country in the world. Poverty has been on rise, with over 40% of population living under the poverty-line. Unemployment is another problem faced by the youth. International corporates are reluctant to invest in the country, which has further worsened the situation of unemployment. The Government has no capacity and capability to address the current challenges.
Being a women rights organisation, I am sad to note that the situation of women’s rights has been gradually worsening. There has been a sharp increase in violence against women- with women being subjected to domestic violence, stoning, lashing, discrimination in jobs etc. Women still depend on men for everything- ranging from food to cloths etc. The authorities have failed to provide job opportunities and also to empower women, so they become independent. Women are treated as second class citizens or kitchen tools. They are considered the property of men. They have no say on their lives. They are traded to resolve feuds, subject to underage and forced marriages, killed on the name of honour or their noses, ears and other body part chopped off- should they question the men. Women are provided protection in the law, but these laws are not implemented.
The list of problems are long and will take weeks to address them. It is unfortunate to see that the interest of the international community has been shrinking towards Afghanistan and focus is diverted towards Syria, although the situation in Afghanistan warrants similar attention.
From the above summary, you can have an overview of the situation in the country and could understand, why people are fleeing. Of course, security is one reason but also uncertainty over the future of the country and lack of economic opportunities is another reason for the flight of people. Afghan refugees currently seeking protection in Europe are not fleeing from Afghanistan alone but a good portion were refugees in Iran.
The Government of Afghanistan has failed to educate people about the risks these refugees are taking. There was hardly any efforts to sensitize people about it and dissuade them from embarking on this dangerous journey. These refugees are first exposed to risk while crossing the border to Iran, then from Iran to Turkey and then taking the dangerous water route. We have documented cases, in which people crossing to Iran have been arrested, mistreated and even killed. This has prompted our attention and thus with our limited resources, AWRA did some awareness raising around this issue in provinces bordering Iran but those were not sufficient. Orgnanisations, such is our could play an important role to educate people about the risk and European countries should support these organisations to help the process.
I really hope, you find this information helpful and do not hesitate to contact us, should you need further details or information.